In March 2014, the three countries severed diplomatic relations with Qatar, accusing Doha of interfering in their internal affairs, promoting extremism via Al Jazeera and other Qatari media networks, and supporting the Muslim Brotherhood throughout the region. If the three GCC powers were outraged at the time, this time they are angry, partly because they believe that Qatar has not complied with the terms of the agreement by which they sent their ambassadors to Doha, and partly because they believe that the Qataris do not respect the principle of unity in the Gulf in the face of Iran at a time of increasing danger. This time, it won`t be as easy to fix the flaw as signing an unpublished statement in 2014. Trump`s visit to Riyadh, the successful summit and Trump`s strong support for Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates – particularly the government`s priorities in the fight against terrorism and the confrontation with Iran, the two main complaints against Qatar – all played an important role in calling for the resumption of pressure on Doha to change its behavior. Trump stressed unity in Riyadh, and the flaw is likely to disrupt Washington, although he said he shared some of the concerns about Qatar`s behavior. A second agreement, dated 16 November 2014, was added by the King of Bahrain, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates. The most important request that Sheikh Tamim had agreed on the 2014 agreement was the end of Qatar`s support for the Muslim Brotherhood and the expulsion of all its non-citizen non-citizen organizations from Qatar. Al Arabiya News Channel received and published the Vonariyadh Agreements of 2013 and 2014 signed by Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani in 2013 and 2014, which promised to meet several demands that were formulated at the time. After CNN on Monday published a set of documents known as the “Riyadh agreements,” Qatari officials said the leak aimed at weakening mediation efforts in the region. The crisis lasted nearly eight months, leading to clashes and an official boycott, as well as widespread public confusion that appeared to seriously endanger the GCC. It was reported that some countries may temporarily resign or leave the GCC altogether. Meanwhile, Kuwait`s leaders were working hard to heal the rift. The situation appeared to remain unchanged until 16 November 2014, when the three countries announced the return of their ambassadors to Doha.
Meanwhile, the Riyadh Advisory Summit, at which the additional Riyadh agreement was concluded, took place. (6) It is interesting to note that several parties repeatedly refer to it as the Riyadh document, the “Riyadh Agreement” and the Riyadh Supplementary Agreement, and no one (yet) dividing the full contents of the document. The three countries justified their decision by the fact that the Qatari government had not complied with the so-called “Riyadh First Agreement” signed by Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani (3) on 23 November 2013 at a meeting of GCC leaders in Riyadh. (4) This meeting is very secret; Details and topics of discussion are not yet known and the content of the agreement has not yet been disclosed.