The 1928 Agreement Among Nations To Avoid War

After negotiation, the pact was signed in Paris at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs by representatives of Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, British India, the Irish Free State, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. It was scheduled to enter into force on July 24, 1929. By that date, the following nations had deposited instruments of final compliance with the Compact: Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, China, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Siam, Spain, Sweden and Turkey. Eight other countries joined after that date (Persia, Greece, Honduras, Chile, Luxembourg, Gdansk, Costa Rica and Venezuela) for a total of 62 signatories. Article II The High Contracting Parties agree that the settlement or settlement of all disputes or conflicts, whatever their nature or origin, may be sought only by peaceful means. On August 27, 1928, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium, the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Commonwealth of New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, the Irish Free State, India, the King of Italy, Japan, Poland and Czechoslovakia were the first signatories to the treaty. They “solemnly declare” [d] to condemn, in the name of the people they represent, “the use of war to resolve international controversies”. On August 27, 15, 1928, 15 countries signed in Paris an agreement that attempted to eliminate war The Covenant not only bound the nations that signed it, but it also served as one of the legal bases that established international standards that the threat[20] or use of military force was contrary to international law, and the resulting territorial acquisitions. [21] are illegal. By signing the Litvinov Protocol in Moscow on February 9, 1929, the Soviet Union and its western neighbors, including Romania, agreed to bring into force the Kellogg Briand Pact without waiting for ratification by other Western signatories. [11] The question of Bessarabia had called into question the agreement between Romania and the Soviet Union and continued the dispute between nations over Bessarabia. [12] [13] The Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928 was concluded outside the League of Nations and remains in force. [4] A month after its conclusion, a similar agreement, the General Law on the Settlement of International Disputes, was concluded in Geneva, obliging the signatory parties to set up conciliation commissions in the event of a dispute.

[17] The core provisions of the Covenant, which renounce the use of war and promote the peaceful settlement of disputes and the use of collective force to prevent aggression, have been incorporated into the Charter of the United Nations and other treaties. Although civil wars have continued, wars between established states have been rare since 1945, with a few exceptions in the Middle East. [3] The Kellogg-Briand Pact was an agreement to ban war signed on August 27, 1928. Sometimes referred to as the Paris Pact for the city where it was signed, the Pact was one of many international efforts to avert a new world war, but it had little effect in stopping the growing militarism of the 1930s or preventing World War II. . . .