There Is General Agreement On When And Where Indo-European Languages Developed

The Ottoman-Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi went to Vienna in 1665-1666 as part of a diplomatic mission and found some similarities between the words in German and Persian. Gaston Coeurdoux and others made similar observations. In the late 1760s, Coeurdoux made an in-depth comparison between Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek conjugations to suggest a relationship between them. Meanwhile, Mikhail Lomonosov compared several language groups, including Slawisch, Baltisch (“Kurlandisch”), Iranian (“doctor”), Finnish, Chinese, “hottentakt” (Khoekhoe) and others, and found that related languages (including Latin, Greek, German, and Russian) had to separate from common ancestors in antiquity. [8] The phonetic statistical rules mentioned above are not always obvious without careful observation. Note that the English dental consonants t, d and th do not correspond directly to the Greek dental sounds t, d and th; In other words, English t is not present where Greek t appears, nor English d, where Greek d. But the relationships between sounds are also not fortuitous. Where Greek has the beginning t, English has th, as in this one and three; where the Greek d, has the English t, as in the tree, two and ten; And where the Greek a th has the English d, as in girl. Also note that phonetic resemblance as such is not necessary to establish a relationship. Thus, in Table 1, many Armenian words are very different from related words in other Indo-European languages, but here too there are regular rules of correspondence; For example, the Initial Greek letter p corresponds to the Armenian h or zero (no consonant) in the words “fire”, “father”, “foot” and “five”. This branch consists of two sub-branches: Indian and Iranian. Today, these languages dominate India, Pakistan, Iran and its surroundings, as well as in areas ranging from the Black Sea to western China. The study of another Semitic language, Algerian Arabic, Mimouni and Jarema (1995), yielded similar results to Grodzinsky (1984) when depicting three agrammatic subjects.

In their spontaneous speech, as well as in the repetition of sentences and reading, the subjects resorted to substitutions and never produced non-words. However, this study observed that affix omissions can and do occur in Semitic languages, and that when omitting the affix would result in a morphologically malformed naked strain, subjects replaced the non-word strain with a true word strain. Look at the examples la and lb below. Today, there are only two Baltic languages: Latvian and Lithuanian. A large number of Slavic languages survive today, such as Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Russian and many others. Archaeological evidence shows that from 1500 BC. J.-C., either the Slavs or their ancestors occupied a territory that extended from the proximity of the borders of western Poland to the Dnieper in Belarus. During the sixth century AD, the Slawischphone tribes expanded their territory and emigrated to Greece and the Balkans: at this time they are mentioned for the first time in Byzantine records referring to this great migration. Either a few or all Slavs were once further east, on or around Iranian territory, as many Iranian words were borrowed early in pre-Slavic. Later, when they moved west, they came into contact with German tribes and borrowed a few more terms again.

These four branches or subfamilies developed for many centuries from four prehistoric proto-languages that had themselves developed from the common Indo-European language. There was often contact between subfamilies, and none of them were immune to outside influences. But that doesn`t change the fact that English is a Germanic language, while Latin and French are italic. . . .